The history of Falkland Islands is fascinating, primarily because of its location. Stanley became a transit point for trade ships that headed for the east coast of America to the west. During the California gold rush of 1848, the number of vessels increased from 8 to 800, ship repair brought considerable profit, and the city flourished. In 1914 he built the Panama Canal, and many ships have changed their route. Since that time, the bulk of income economy Falkland Islands was the sale of licenses for fishing and agriculture. More than 100 wrecks, who tried to round Cape Horn, still lie along the rocky shores of the islands. It is assumed that the first Falklands saw Amerigo Vespucci, a shell of a second expedition to the shores of the new Lisbon mainland in 1504. Diaries and memoirs Vespucci spread his friends (especially King René II) – the authors of rumors and details about the incredible life of Italian traveler, including his involvement in the opening of the Falkland Islands.
Among the pioneers rank also Beano Palmieri de Gonnevillya about which little is known. In Argentina, it is believed that the island discovered member of the expedition of Magellan, pilot Esteban Gomez, deserted in 1520-1522 years in Spain. After that, the island was called by the abbreviation Sansonskimi ship Magellan “San Antonio.” According to the British version, the English pirate John Davis took refuge from the Spanish galleon behind rocks Falkland Islands in 1592 and became the first man to walk on the land. On the Falkland Islands and still living descendants of John Davis and his wife, Teresa. A. de Komargo Spaniard, whose ship was rounding South America from the East in 1639, also referred to as discoverers.
In 1690, English explorer John Strong named the strait between the major islands in honor of Anthony Falkland Keira, received in 1693 the title of First Lord of the Admiralty. The first description of the northern coast of the archipelago in 1694 was written by the English navigator Richard Hawkins. Serious studies conducted Islands Dutch explorer Sebald Weert, on maps of designated Sebaldinskimi. The name has changed over the Malvinas in 1764, when here came the French captain Louis Antonio Bougainville.
It is based on East Falkland (Gran Morino) French settlement, which is replenished fishermen from the port of Saint-Malo. In 1765, landed on the island armed wing John Byron, was built the fort of Port Egmont, and the islands of Great Britain declared the property. Under the pressure of the Spanish British left the island in 1770. In subsequent years, the territory of the islands then passed to the British, that the Spaniards, while in 1820, landed captain Dzhyuet. He proclaimed the island territory of Argentina, however, in 1833, they again became the property of the United Kingdom. Here is a brief overview of the history of the Falkland islands